Mtskheta

Mtskheta is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has been inhabited since before 1,000 BC and was once the capital of the early Kingdom of Iberia (today’s Eastern Georgia).  Just 20 km from Tbilisi, at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers, the city is located on an ancient trade route. Archaeologists have unearthed evidence of Mtskheta’s status as a major trading post. Glass perfume bottles, Greek and Aramaic writings, pottery, metalwork and jewelry have all been unearthed in abundance here, and many examples are on show in the town’s museum.  


The ancient geographer Strabo described Mtskheta as a highly developed city with a water supply system, markets and stone houses. Mtskheta was also the religious centre of the country, with a number of major shrines to Georgia’s pagan pantheon; these would later be replaced by churches when St. Nino converted the country to Christianity in around 337 AD.  Although the capital was moved to the more easily defended Tbilisi at the beginning of the VI century, Mtskheta continued to be the coronation and burial place of Georgian kings, and the seat of the Patriarch, who is also known as the Bishop of Mtskheta. Today, the lovely old town has a laid back, village feel, especially compared to the more hectic pace of Tbilisi.

Sights

  • Svetitskhoveli Cathedral

    This Georgian architectural wonder dating back to the XI century has served as the religious center...

  • Mtskheta State Archaeological Museum-Reserve

    The Museum-Reserve contains archaeological artifacts of national and international importance. A wid...

  • Bebristsikhe

    Bebristsikhe castle is located north of Mtskheta, on the right bank of the river Aragvi. It was call...

  • Jvari Monastery

    The VI century Georgian Orthodox monastery is built on a hill opposite Mtskheta, at the confluence o...

  • Armaztsikhe (Bagineti)

    This historic archaeological monument is located along Mtskheta-Tbilisi highway. Its name is linked...

  • Armazi Fortress

    Considering its scale and age, Armazi is one of the most important fortresses in the country. Curren...

  • Monastery of Shio-Mgvime

    The monastery is located 8 km from Mtskheta, on the left bank of the Mtkvari River. It was construct...

  • Zedazeni

    The Zedazeni complex is located 6 km south of the village of Saguramo, on the top of a mountain cove...

  • Ilia Chavchavadze Saguramo State Museum

    The museum complex includes the residence, auxiliary buildings, and the family vineyards of the famo...

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