Gori

The original fortress, constructed on a hilltop, was named Gori (meaning hill in English), and was mentioned in the Georgian chronicles as early as the VII century. Some historians believe that the fortress was built by Byzantine Caesar Heraclius to store ammunition battles against the Persians.

Just after the XI century the area became an active center for trade. According to some historians, this was due to David the Builder founding the town. Because of its geographical location, enemies frequently targeted the fortress, as conquering it enabled control of the whole Shida Kartli region. The fortress has been invaded many times and controlled by Ossetians, Iranians and Persians, amongst others. The stronghold has been repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt.

The current iteration of the fortress was built in 1774, during the reign of Erekle II, but was significantly damaged by an earthquake in 1920. The Stalin Museum includes the memorial house where Joseph Stalin (1879-1953) was born, a museum building with a tower, and Stalin’s personal train car he used to visit Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam. There are many unique exhibits displayed here, including personal belongings and collections of paintings, photos, films and other important historical artifacts.

Sights

  • Gori Fortress

    The historic fortress stands on a rocky hill in the center of Gori. The ruins on the northern slope...

  • Virgin Mary Cathedral

    The temple was built as a Catholic church between 1806 and 1810. In 1920, it was heavily damaged by...

  • Historical-Ethnographic Museum

    The museum was founded in 1935. Currently, it houses more than 48,100 exhibits, including: handcraft...

  • State Museum of Joseph Stalin

    Soviet leader Joseph Stalin’s Museum was founded in 1937 and contains 60,000 exhibits. The museum in...

  • Gorijvari

    A church complex and local resort, located at an altitude of 600 meters. Low mineralized hydrosulfit...

  • Uplistsikhe

    Uplistikhe is a rock-hewn city, located just 10 km east of Gori, on the left bank of the river Mtkva...

  • Ateni Gorge

    Alongside the natural biological diversity, the Ateni Gorge features plenty of tourist sites: Great...

  • Village Gardateni

    The village is located 6 kilometers from the town of Gori. Here you will find several important hist...

  • Ruisi Cathedral of Transfiguration

    The cathedral dates back to the VIII-IX centuries and is located 7 km from the town of Gori. Accordi...

  • Urbnisi Cathedral

    The cathedral is located within the Kareli municipality, in the village of Urbnisi. Stylistic elemen...

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