Ancient Tomb of Mtskheta

Ancient Tomb of Mtskheta

About 20 kilometers to the west of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, is the town-museum of Mtskheta, which has been inhabited since the 3rd millennium BCE. It is a true treasure trove for lovers of history and archaeology. Besides the main sights, the historical churches protected by UNESCO, one of the interesting monuments in this town is the ancient tomb, discovered in 1951, which is about 300 meters away from the railway station.

The tomb was built in the last quarter of the 1st century. The architecture of the structure is simple. The floor is covered by tiles, the rooftiles are red and the walls on the inside also have a reddish hue. They are plastered with lime, mixed with crushed clay.

The tomb was the resting place of a noblewoman and a child. The gold and silver objects, buried with the deceased, definitely tell us that they belonged to a wealthy family. A bronze statue of Pan found in the vault is holding his hands in such a way that you would think that he is playing the pipes.

In general, there have been a few archaeological finds discovered that make us believe that musical culture started among Georgians approximately three millennia ago (e.g., almost 3400-years-old pan-pipes made of a swan’s shin bone discovered on the territory of Mtskheta, around Samtavro).

The artifacts found in the tomb are kept in the National Museum of Georgia.

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