Chapala fortress

Chapala fortress

Atop a rocky hill in Bolnisi stands a grand fortress, whose history dates back as far as the 12th and 13th centuries. A visit to this ancient fortification is a trip back in time, and is a perfect accompaniment to any visit to the historic region.
Kvemo Kartli

History of Chapala Fortress

While Chapala Fortress is first mentioned in historical sources beginning in the 17th century, objects found in the region during archaeological digs (including glazed and clay pottery, Qvevris, furnaces, and glass bracelets) indicate that the area was inhabited as early as the 12th century.

The Structure of Chapala Fortress

Chapala Fortress’ hilltop location was enhanced by a number of defensive fortifications, including a number of round towers and the three-metre-high wall that surrounded it. The fortress was terraced, with the heights of battle and signal towers strategically chosen. 

Three large water reservoirs would have provided water to the fortress’ inhabitants via clay pipes, with a bath of stone and brick, a furnace, and a wine cellar all on site to service the inhabitants even during a siege.

The ruins of a village also lie nearby, speaking to the thriving community that must once have called this place home.


We use third-party cookies in order to personalise your experience.
Cookie Policy