Once the wine has been fermented, winemakers take the remaining chacha (stems, leaves, skins etc.) and put it into a separate vessel to ferment for the whole winter. In the spring, the distillation process can begin.
Using a Georgian style still, the winemaker will place a pot onto a tripod, place the chacha inside with a little water (to prevent burning), then tightly attach a zarpush (a copper lid with a tube coming from the front), and place it over a flame.
The zarpush has a tube which is also of copper attached to it. The tube leads to a copper, wooden, or stone trough, where water is continually running to cool it. Steam comes from the pot, through the tube, into the trough, there condensing under the influence of the cold water, and finally goes drop by drop into the vodka container placed under the tube.
Chacha is a strong alcohol beverage. It reached the peak of its production in the 19th century. The chacha produced by the Otskheli brothers and Davit Sarajishvili won the grand prize at international exhibitions.
Chacha made and infused with honey, feijoa, and a variety of other fruits and herbs is also popular today.