The red-brick, two-story building of the Great Synagogue faces Jerusalem (south) according to Jewish tradition.
In 2009, the building was reconstructed. The restored synagogue consists of prayer and celebration halls, as well as the traditional women's gallery.
In the center of the prayer hall is the "Teba" where the praying rabbi stands during prayer, and on the opposite side of the entrance is the almost-150-year-old Aron-Hakodesh, the place where the Torah is kept.
The Great Synagogue of Tbilisi is a notable tourist attraction with about 1000 visitors per day.