Gvara fortress

Gvara fortress

The Gvara fortress, built on a hill 50 meters above the river level at the confluence of the Chorokhi and Machakhela rivers, is especially interesting for lovers of extreme hiking. This pre-feudal fortress is located in the Machakhela National Park, 30 km from Batumi, in the municipality of Khelvachauri.

The structure of the Gvara fortress

There is a small plain on the northern and eastern sides of Gvara, while the other sides are unassailable. The fortress functioned from the 11th century until the first half of the 20th century and, due to its important strategic position, it performed the function of controlling the roads passing through the Chorokhi River and the Machakhlistskali valley. 

Gvara Fortress, whose walls are three to six meters high, is built on an area of ​​150 square meters. It has preserved two storage buildings and a well, which are still in good condition. Interestingly, neither a stone staircase nor a door to the fort was found. Scientists suggest that there was the wooden stairs to climb to the fortress.

Fragments of ceramics are found on the territory of the fortress. Most of them are fragments of tiles and jugs dating back to the 11th century.

Despite the fact that the Gvara fortress no longer exists in its entirety, the energy of ancient history is felt behind this high fortress wall, leaving unforgettable emotions. 


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